UUttarakhand, earlier Uttaranchal, is a state within the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) because of the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is recognized for its natural charm of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar as well as the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and also the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is split into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, having a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the region, that is a railhead. The high court of the state is in Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas inside the 2nd century BCE who practised an early type of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the first presence of Buddhism in this region. Throughout the medieval period the region was consolidated under the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the location fell to the Gurkha Empire of Nepal and with the conclusion of the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 the majority of modern Uttarakhand was ceded for the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli. Although the erstwhile hill kingdoms of explore uttarakhand devbhumi tourism were traditional rivals, the proximity of different neighbouring ethnic groups and the inseparable and complementary nature of their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened during the movement for statehood inside the 1990s.
The natives from the state are typically called either Garhwali or Kumaoni according to their host to origin. In accordance with the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand includes a population of 10,116,752, rendering it the 19th most populous state in India. A sizable area of the population contains Rajputs and Brahmins. More than 88% from the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are the largest minority within the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being the other major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni as well as other hilly dialects and sub-dialects would be the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is easily the most widely spoken language. Uttarakhand will be the only state in India with Sanskrit as one of its official languages.
Two of the most basic rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri as well as the Yamuna at Yamunotri. These two together with Badrinath and Kedarnath constitute the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. Their state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park from the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site found in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is renowned for the variety and rarity of the flowers and plants.
Each district is governed with a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further divided into sub-divisions, which are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. According to the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar are the most populous districts, each of them possessing a population of over 1 million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate as this land has, since olden days, been the land of Gods and sages. The land where the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It really has been the place to find legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land from the gods has several sites that link it for the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The great Dronacharya meditated on the banks from the Tonnes river inside the Doon valley as the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is additionally thought to be lokpal, a place existing from your times of Ramayana. It is known that lokpal was where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has become related to lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman along with his attachment with this particular place. It is also considered that lakshman meditated by this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Even the Ganga, which was part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness as it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself seems to be in deep meditation in these two sacred cities